So, the topic of our today's lecture is adenoids - perhaps the most common disease in children.
Adenoids is a disease of the upper respiratory tract, characterized by pathological growth of the nasopharyngeal tonsil, which can be of several degrees, depending on which the disease can clinically manifest itself from difficulty in nasal breathing to hearing loss. Adenoids can be in children of different age groups, but more often in children 4-8 years old.
In the normal state, all children have adenoids and are small lymphoid formations in the nasopharynx. These formations consist of ordinary immune tissue, which has the ability to produce immunoglobulins necessary for the normal functioning of the child's body, this is to some extent a protective gate almost at the very beginning of the respiratory tract, they protect the child's body, fighting against adverse environmental influences. However, as a result of the action of various unfavorable, most often external, factors (frequent infectious diseases, some "special" infections, such as measles, scarlet fever, diphtheria, constant exposure to allergens), the adenoids often increase in size and become inflamed.