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Complications of the deviation of the nasal septum

Complications of the deviation of the nasal septum
Author: Dr. İsmayıl İ. Category: Nose
Published:  2022 - 28 - Sep

Nasal septum curvature is a condition in which the overall nasal passage is narrowed. The nasal septum ideally divides the nasal cavity into two approximately equal parts.

What are the symptoms of nasal septum curvature?

Most people have no symptoms, this is because the septum doesn't have much curvature - the airways are barely obstructed. No, if the deviation in the septum, i.e. the nasal wall, is too much, then nasal breathing disorder comes to the fore.

Complications of nasal septum curvature:

1. Decrease in the level of somatotropic hormone

According to the results of some studies, somatotropin provides rejuvenation inside and out, literally. In children, somatotropic hormone is the most important condition for their growth. We can consider somatotropic hormone as a non-weight loss hormone. Fat depot increases in conditions of somatotropic hormone deficiency, fat cannot melt. Somatotropic hormone reduces insulin resistance. This hormone normalizes the level of testosterone.

The level of this hormone varies depending on the time of day. Its highest concentration and production in the body is during sleep. And this means that you should get enough sleep to maintain the normal production of somatotropin and go to bed no later than 22.00 hours. And in this case, an additional, more important condition is that you should sleep normally at night, and you should have a good night's sleep.

The main basis of this comfort is normal nasal breathing. The main part of the oxygen entering the body is used by the central nervous system. During sleep, the brain's demand for oxygen increases even more. In conditions where there is a lack of oxygen, the patient sleeps restlessly, wakes up quickly, and the course of fast and slow sleep phases, which belong to normal sleep, is completely disrupted. As a result, the level of somatotropic hormone decreases. What do we get as a result?

- In children - the growth rate is severely delayed;

- In children, the facial skeleton takes an unpleasant shape;

- In children, the pricus gets a pathological condition;

- In adults - muscle weakness is observed - fatigue is a frequent complaint;

- Hair loss becomes active;

- Osteoporosis is observed - bones tend to break and undergo deformation;

- We often observe excessive sweating;

- The obesity problem is prominent;

- Losing weight becomes difficult - diets cannot help;

- In men, impotence (sexual weakness) appears sooner or later;

2. Eustachyite (tubootite)

Eustachyitis is a developing and ongoing inflammatory process in the auditory tube. If left untreated, this disease can become chronic and cause both temporary and permanent hearing loss. The most important of the reasons for the development of tuboitis is the bending of the nasal septum and, along with it, hypertrophy of the lower nasal conchas, that is, pathological growth. In this case, over time, a chronic inflammatory process occurs in the middle ear and eventually leads to adhesive otitis in the middle ear. In some cases, mainly in children, exudate accumulates in the middle ear and ruptures the eardrum. As a result, chronic otitis media occurs, the treatment of which is only surgery.

3. Bleeding from the nose

The curvature of the nasal septum can lead to atrophy of the mucous membrane. Blood vessels in such areas are very sensitive and their integrity is broken due to various provocation reasons (high arterial pressure, trauma, etc.) - as a result, bleeding occurs. Frequent nosebleeds can lead to fatigue and other unpleasant consequences.

4. Snoring

The curvature of the nasal septum can lead to another pathological condition - snoring.

People who suffer from snoring in their sleep, unfortunately, ignore this problem, in most cases. However, it should be remembered that snoring is a disease that can have very dangerous consequences ...

Snoring is not only a sound phenomenon, but first of all, it means the cessation of breathing during sleep.

Chronic snorers can experience more than 300 stoppages of breathing per night! Frequent cessation of breathing leads to acute lack of oxygen, which can result in the development of certain cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac arrest is possible during sleep in 35% of cases.

5. Headaches

The curvature of the nasal septum in most cases leads to hypoxia in the body. Hypoxia is a condition in which there is insufficient supply of oxygen to body tissues.

First of all, in this case, the central nervous system suffers. The brain always absorbs 20% of all oxygen in the body. The body's "great demand for oxygen" is explained by the great need for oxygen of the brain.

Hypoxia is emerging as a cause of headaches secondary to low oxygen pressure. In some cases, headaches take an acute form.

6. Arterial pressure

An increase in arterial pressure and an increase in heart rate are the continuation of hypoxia caused by the curvature of the nasal septum. This happens because an organism living in conditions of cardiac oxygen starvation tries to "distribute" oxygen to the tissues as much and as quickly as possible. These quickly lead to pathological changes of the heart.

7. Heart palpitations (arrhythmia)

Another complication of hypoxia is functional arrhythmias. Heart palpitations can appear as a very disturbing condition in some cases.

8. Weakening of memory and intellect

The activity of nerve cells, which are the basis of the central nervous system in hypoxia, weakens, and the functional connections between them are disrupted. These lead to memory and intellectual impairment.

9. Violation of the sense of smell (hyposmia or anosmia)

Bending of the nasal septum is one of the most common causes of hyposmia or anosmia. At this level, that is, in the upper part of the nasal cavity, the nasal septum appears as a mechanical obstacle in the way of the air flow to the sensitive receptors.

10. Chronic sinusitis

The curvature of the nasal septum appears sooner or later as the reason for the complete or relative closure of the natural openings between the paranasal sinuses and the nasal cavity.

11. Cosmetic defect

In some cases, the deformation of the nasal septum leads to an unpleasant shape in the development of the external nose.

12. Chronic inflammatory diseases of the lower respiratory tract

The curvature of the nasal septum makes a person breathe through the mouth. In such a situation, the air is not cleaned, warmed and moistened during breathing. These factors lead to chronic diseases of the lower respiratory tract.

13. Exacerbation of other diseases

The condition caused by the curvature of the nasal septum leads to the aggravation of infectious diseases and aggravated allergic background. Even the course of chronic diseases in internal organs is getting worse.